An Introduction To Lubricants

When it comes to the engine of a vehicle, there are literally hundreds of parts that move in coordination to make a car move. While the outside appearance of most of these components is smooth, the truth is that there are many flaws in the surface. No machine can make a part perfectly smooth, meaning that there is going to be friction between the surfaces that will, over time, cause damage to both parts that are touching. After a while, this can lead to total failure of the parts. This can result in an accident occurring because a critical component has failed.
Why lubricants help
Synthetic chain lubricants are artificially manufactured compounds that reduce the friction between moving parts and lessen the damage caused to the parts over time. There are many different types out there, and can each be used for different purposes. However, the primary objective is always to reduce the friction and its resulting damage. Refined oil is one common non-synthetic lubricant that is used. It is, as the name suggests, refined from crude oil during the process of making petroleum products. The lighter chemical components of crude oil are separated through a filtration process from the heavier ones. While this is a commonly used type of lubricant, it isn’t the best for some applications, because a lot of the heavier impurities slip through into the lubricant too.
Synthetic is a step up
Synthetic chain lubricants are better for the lubrication process because they are made artificially from chemicals instead of being refined. This makes them a lot better than their traditional, low cost counterparts. They are far purer than crude oil lubricants, because they don’t contain trace minerals like sulfur and nitrogen (which can lead to that unsightly black sludge). They are more stable than oil based lubricants, meaning that they can be used in high temperature environments. Since they are that stable, the components they are used on don’t need to be cleaned off as often, and can last a lot longer.
Refined oil has a difference in its molecular structure. The molecules can be of very different shapes. After all, there are many other components and elements in crude oil. Each of these has its own unique molecules with their own weights and shapes. Synthetic versions don’t have this problem because their entire structure is uniform. This means that they can be used in high risk situations where the oil based versions can’t be. Overall, having a synthetic lube instead of an oil based one is a costly, but efficient way to keep machines and engines in top condition.